Myanmar’s U.N. ambassador insisted Monday that there is no “ethnic cleansing” or genocide taking place against Muslims and objected “in the strongest terms” to countries that used those words to describe the situation in Rakhine State.
Hau Do Suan used his “right of reply” at the end of the six-day gathering of world leaders at the General Assembly to respond to what he called “irresponsible remarks” and “unsubstantiated allegations” repeated by countries in their speeches to the 193-member world body.
He didn’t identify any of the nations, though many spoke out about the plight of more than 420,000 Rohingya Muslims who have fled from Myanmar to Bangladesh since Aug. 25, when Rohingya insurgent attacks on security forces prompted a military crackdown and reprisals by majority Buddhists.
Among those who accused Myanmar of trying to rid itself of Rohingya were Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, U.N. human rights chief Zeid Ra’ad al-Hussein, and a number of Islamic countries, including the United Arab Emirates.
Suan denied those claims.
“There is no ethnic cleansing. There is no genocide,” he said. “The leaders of Myanmar, who have long been striving for freedom and human rights, will not espouse such policies. We will do everything to prevent ethnic cleansing and genocide.”
He called the issue of Rakhine State “extremely complex” and urged U.N. member states and the international community “to see the situation in northern Rakhine objectively and in an unbiased manner.”
Pointing to the initial attack by the insurgent Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army, known as ARSA, he said: “It is the responsibility of every government to fight against terrorism and protect innocent civilians.”
The ambassador said there are several reasons for the exodus and “prominent among them is the fear factor.” Following the Aug. 25 attacks and the security operation, he said, “most of the women and children were forced to flee” while men were conscripted into ARSA to fight Myanmar’s security forces.